What is Obesity?

Obesity is a Chronic Disease

Obesity is a multi-factorial chronic disease requiring a comprehensive approach to both prevent and treat. Obesity is associated with a large number of other conditions such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, lipid disorders, certain cancers, sleep apnea, arthritis and mental illness. Therefore, care should not be seen as simply having the goal of reducing body weight, but should additionally be focused on improving overall health and quality of life.

Similar to many other medical conditions, obesity is a complex disease, which requires a multidisciplinary treatment and team approach. This approach must encompass the best standards of care, including treatments chosen, care coordination and the clinical environment in which services are delivered. The multidisciplinary obesity care team encompasses all qualified disciplines and professionals (both physician and non-physician) across treatment areas.

Just as those affected by heart disease receive their care through a coordinated multidisciplinary treatment team, those affected by obesity should also follow a similar continuum of coordinated care. Because of the complex nature of obesity and its variety of impacts on both physical and mental health, effective treatment requires the coordinated services of providers from several disciplines and professions (both physician and non-physician) within both of these treatment areas.

More information from The Obesity Society is available here.